Specs, libraries, code examples for UX look and feel by Shopify and other big tech companies
Major organizations creating websites create a “Design System” publication which specifies the UX (User Experience) and provides tools for website designers to achieve a common UI (User Interface).
NOTE: Content here are my personal opinions, and not intended to represent any employer (past or present). “PROTIP:” here highlight information I haven’t seen elsewhere on the internet because it is hard-won, little-know but significant facts based on my personal research and experience.
UX includes more than colors, fonts (typography), icons (iconography), Design Tokens, line height, and other aspects of styling websites and Andriod/iOS mobile apps. Design Systems provide guidelines on Voice and Tone, Animation, Accessibility, Layout, Navigation, Search, Messaging, Data Visualization, Localization, etc. Component blueprints provide examples to code components such as Accordion, Checkbox, etc. in the form of
- Bootstrap (dark & light) theme file
Custom font files
- Sketch core library specifying fonts
- Sketch icon library
- Sketch Grid library
Sketch illustration library
- Sample code to use the Design System components to build a website
To create design systems, many use the Tailwind CSS compiler. It’s called an “atomic/utility-first” CSS framework (UI-kit). It’s best installed via npm. For better performance, Tailwind removes unused CSS using PurgeCSS, which can be incorporated into Jekyll and themes.
https://github.com/alexpate/awesome-design-systems - a curated list of design systems, highlighting those with components, voice & tone, designers kit.
Your guide to design systems from the world’s leading brands Oct. 9, 2017
Shopify.com, the global eCommerce platform, offers their Polaris Design System (at https://polaris.shopify.com/getting-started) for Shopify admins to create NodeJs apps for merchants using their unique Shopify CLI. https://www.shopify.com/learn
US Government has the U.S. Web Design System (USWDS) at designsystem.digital.gov (Slack channel chat.18f.gov)
AWS products and services uses cloudscape.design since 2016. It’s open-sourced at github.com/cloudscape-design. It’s used in this solution.
Salesforce has their Salesforce Lightning Design System (SLDS) at lightningdesignsystem.com
SAP Fiori at experience.sap.com/fiori-design announced in 2015.
Shopify’s “Polaris” Design System shows Ecommerce giant
Apple developer.apple.com/design for “Human Interface Guidelines” Apple hands out awards for those who designed apps using their system. Videos The sans-serif “San Francisco” is Apple’s system font across macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS.
Microsoft’s Fluent Design System at fluent.microsoft.com and microsoft.com/design/fluent
Google’s Material Design (at https://m2.material.io/design/introduction) “help teams build high-quality digital experiences for Android, iOS, Flutter, and the web.”
IBM’s Carbon Design System (at https://carbondesignsystem.com/) is open-sourced with the IBM Design Language.
Atlassian (https://atlassian.design/) of Jira, Confluence.
Buzzfeed.com CSS style guide (at https://solid.buzzfeed.com/)
Audi.com (the car company’s website) has a slick european design, created using https://www.audi.com/ci/en/guides/user-interface/introduction.html
https://helios.hashicorp.design is the Design System for constructing HashiCorp.com.
“Creative Tim” created the Argon Design System with over 100 components for free & 200 licensed ($349 lifetime). Choose and combine them using his low-code website builder. All components can take variations in color, optimized for mobile and Retina Ready.
Four Example Pages:
- Landing Page
- Profile Page
- Login Page
- Register Page
- Bootstrap 4
- React Bootstrap & Material
- Vuejs Bootstrap & Material
- (not Svelte)
- Material React Native & Flutter
- Argon React Native & Flutter
- Now UI React Native & Flutter
- Soft UI React Native & Flutter
- Python: Django
- Python: Flask
Many provide a “Design Kit” for their Design System as a plugin for graphic program on macOS:
- Adobe XD
PegasusDesignSystem.com “crafted for scale in Figma”.
Salesforce provides a SLDS Validator for VS Code at https://www.lightningdesignsystem.com/tools/validator/ which scans your markup, validates it against a database of guidelines/tips/gotchas/etc. extracted from the SLDS documentation, and offers suggestions on how to improve your code.
* Salesforce articles https://www.lightningdesignsystem.com/resources/articles/
“think of a design token as a key that unlocks a specific value.”
Tokens are like nicknames for colors, opacity, shadows, etc. See VIDEO “What are Design Tokens”. Alias tokens are diverged Global Tokens made for context-specific purpose, to separate concerns.
The Future of Design Systems | Hayley Hughes | Airbnb | Awwwards Conf San Fran
Tokens are specified in SASS files, not token values.
A Measure of Line Height
USDS defines the “measure” token to standardize line heights:
- 1 = 44ex
- 2 = 60ex
- 3 = 64ex
- 4 = 68ex
- 5 = 72ex
- 6 = 88ex
- ‘none’ = no max width
The Red Dot Design Award (at red-dot.org) is a German international design prize awarded by Red Dot GmbH & Co. It is one of the most prestigious design awards worldwide and honors innovation, concepts and visions.
More on front-end styling
This is one of several topics:
- UI Design Systems
- Text Editors
- Markdown text for GitHub from HTML
- gRPC (g___ Remote Procedure Call)
- Front-end UI creation options
- Docusaurus static website generator
- Static websites
- JAM Stack Website Project Plan
- Jekyll Site Development
- Website styles
- Website Styling
Protractor to automate testing of Angular and other web pages
- Email from website
- Search within Hyde format Jekyll websites
- Data Visualization using Tableau