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Wilson Mar

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Sample code and tutorial here


Overview

This tutorial is one in a series about coding of JavaScript within LoadRunner.

Why Script LoadRunner in JavaScript language?

Writing in JavaScript is more comfortable to some.

JavaScript code requires more memory and CPU to run than C code within LoadRunner load generators. About 50% more is the estimate.

Begin with a sample

It is so much easier to begin with a production-worthy sample rather than hacking your way through (and embarassing yourself).

  1. Use an internet browser to see this repository:

    http://github.com/wilsonmar/LoadRunner

    Either click Download ZIP then unzip or fork the repo and clone it to your desktop if you would like changes.

    NOTE: This repo is actively improved over time, so forking and cloning is the recommended approach.

  2. Use Finder or File Explorer to view a folder containing a sample script coded in JavaScript:

    WJS1_sample_S01_WJS1250_v01

    • “WJS1” is for the first release of the sample app.
    • “W” is for the Web (HTTP/HTML) protocol when creating the script.
    • “JS” is for JavaScript.
    • “sample” is the scope of the script folder.
    • “S01” is the scenario for performance and load testing.
    • “1250” is for version 12.50 of LoadRunner.
    • “V01” is for version 1 of the script.

This sample script contains a library of functions that provide both examples of JavaScript coding and use of utilities provided.

The script name contains the word “challenge” because it is for instructional purposes. It contains some FIXME items added for learners to fix as part of the learning process.

Overview

The rest of this tutorial is based on this overview:

Click on the diagram for a YouTube video with the narrative below.

Every LoadRunner program (regardless of programming language) has an entry point in the vuser_init file, which is automatically executed once at the beginning.

There is also a single exit point in the vuser_end file, also automatically executed only one time.

Between these two is the Action file which LoadRunner iterates over and over until some condition ends its loop.

There will of course be additional script files added, such as functions to book flights to emulate user activities in the Web Tours sample application that comes with LoadRunner.

Our hope is that you’ll save time and debugging frustration by making use of the commonly needed functions we’ve provided in our sample script.

Our library contains additional functions everyone can use to display run conditions, establish variables that specify where to obtain data for the run, and other exciting capabilities.

To make editing files easier, functions are grouped into separate files:

  • The WJS1_Config.js Configuration contains functions to manage printing and to start and end transaction tracking.

  • The WJS1_Access.js Access file contains functions such as Sign-Up, Sign-In, Sign-Out, etc.

Over the course of load testing an app being built, we often need to run just one of these functions at a time as well as all in combination.

So in the advanced version of this course we cover what we call the RunType attribute to control the scope of processing at run-time.

But for now, we’ll focus here on options for efficiently coding the rotation through different landing pages.

We make use of the RunDataIn attribute to select among different sources of data. The default is a single hard-coded URL to request.

The objective of the sample script is to make it easier to add processing features that are otherwise time consuming to add to every request, such as random execution.

The sample script also provides a structured approach to make requests after preparation of all data needed.

Making calls using generic functions makes your script much much smaller, which allows more vusers on every load generator.

Using our start and end transaction functions provides you a less error-prone way to add flexibility to scripts. If you’d like to capture response times in the script, it is already available.

So is adding a retry logic loop.

Our sample script folder also provides a way to loop through a file of URLs in the sample data file provided.

In the advanced version of this course, we also cover how to drive requests stored in a VTS (Virtual Table Service) running on a separate machine. This not only keep memory use low in load generators, but provide dynamic update of data going into the run.

Click the diagram to pop it to a full window: lr wjs1 diagram v02

All this can seem complicated to someone without experience. But help is just a phone call away. Call in the experts. Call us.

Drill down into specific features

What follows are explorations of good JavaScript programming practices using functions provided by LoadRunner. This sequence here is taken when stepping through a run of the sample script that accompanies this narrative.

  1. Initialize vuser_init
  2. Use return codes
  3. Globally variables in closures
  4. Message levels
  5. Capture and display run conditions
  6. Run-time Settings
  7. Force print then restore logging level
  8. Control message output
  9. Define verbosity
  10. Specify Data Source Attribute
  11. Use return codes
  12. For loops
  13. Code call details in a custom file
  14. Chain calls
  15. Randomize execution
  16. Retry execution
  17. Redirect execution
  18. Call generic functions
  19. Specify link retrieval mode
  20. Use generic Start and End Transactions
  21. Automatically vary Think Time
  22. Capture response to be returned
  23. Verify response returned
  24. Create custom app access functions
  25. Use RunType

In addition to these basic ones, several TODO items are covered in private advanced courses. Call me to take the class.

Use of some library functions such as md5 and SHA1 for OAuth2 are explained in a separate tutorial by Wilson Mar.


Initialize in vuser_init

The function vuser_init() is LoadRunner’s entry point into the program.

This LoadRunner runs just once before advancing to the Action file.

Since each new script creates a blank version of this file, those starting from scratch can simply paste in a reference to a separate library file, such as:

    rc=wi_library_init();

Before we dive into that function, let’s first talk about that “rc=” return code.

Use return codes

The first line under the function entry is:

   var rc=0;

The variable is used to receive the response from a function such as this:

    rc=wi_library_init();

If the return code is anything other than a numeric zero (which I think of as “clear”), some error occured.

The path of execution would revert back to the caller rather than continuing to the next statement with code such as:

   if( rc != 0 ){ return rc; }

In advanced editions of this course, various coding techniques are introduced to handle errors at various levels of processing.

The name of the command establishes the environment needed for other functions in the wi_library.js.

Next, let’s look inside that file.

Global variables in closures

Several globally-accessible variables are useful in load stress scripts:

  • Message level for printing messages

  • RunType to control app access functionality (URL_Landing, SignUp, SignIn, SignOut)

  • RunDataIn specification

  • ThinkTimeSecs (Number of seconds to wait before every request to emulate end-users looking up information to type in)

  • Retries in case requests to the server do not reach the server due to network issues or timeout on the server.

  • ResponseMetrics is an object that contains several values (HTTP code, response time, etc.)

There are several approaches to make data values globally accessible to all functions.

For tutorial purposes, the sample script makes use of several techniques.

The simplest approach is to define a var at the top of the file (above the first function definition). However this is not good practice because any function can change the value as well. They “pollute the global namespace” and cause name conflicts.

Message levels

The scope of messages that LoadRunner outputs is determined by the various Log Run-time settings.

The message level is set during initialization by this code:

    wi_msg_level.init()

Data values are made available to various calling functions as “methods” of the object “wi_msg_level”.

To retrieve the message level saved at initialization:

    wi_msg_level.at_init()

All the functions acting on the msg_level object are coded in one set:

var wi_msg_level = ( function() {
    // Private members:
    var wi_msg_level_init=0,

    init = function() {
        wi_msg_level_init = lr.mgetMessageLevel();
    },

    at_init = function() {
        return wi_msg_level_init;
    },

    };
    return { // public:
        init: init,
        at_init: at_init
    }
})();

This coding should not result in warning messages when parsed by JSLint.

This coding techique here uses a JavaScript technique called a JavaScript "closure" using the "revealing module pattern" of coding JavaScript that encapsulates functions related to an object.

Use of “this” is called the prototype pattern because it can be modified by extension.

In LoadRunner scripts its main advantage is it’s only created once in memory.

It encapsulates private code, but that’s not important when it comes to LoadRunner scripts.

NOTE: This approach is explained in Dan Wahlin’s video course on Pluralsight and blog post.

This is a such a big deal among JavaScript developers that its use is a common interview question.

The “revealing prototype” pattern is not used because only a single instance is needed for the data.

The “revealing prototype” pattern pname comes from use of the “this.” keyword prefixed to object names to refer to the entire object. The advantage of “this” is that functions of the object are loaded into memory once.

In an example from Mozilla, a global object (variable) “appleCounter” is retrieved by this:

The “appleCounter” is incremented by another method:

    appleCounter.add();

The sample closure and its methods are defined by this:

There are other similar examples

At the top of the sample script above, the “()” defining the anonymous function expression is required by the language, since statements that begin with the token function are always considered to be function declarations.

A closure in JavaScript is like keeping a copy of all the local variables, just as they were when the function exited.

In C and most other common languages, after a function returns, all the local variables are no longer accessible because the stack-frame is destroyed.

But in JavaScript, declaring a function within another function, then the local variables can remain accessible after returning from the function called.

The return “object literal” pairs at the bottom matches the public name with the name coded.

Going further, the JavaScript Revealing Module Pattern developed by Richard Cornford et al on comp.lang.javascript.

Functions that should be exposed publicly are defined in the return section of the Calculator object.

Run-time Settings

   Log DebugMessage level=0.
   [X] Enable logging =1.
   Send messages:
       [X] Always =512.
   Detail level:
   [X] Standard log =16.
       [_] Parameter substitution =4.
       [_] Data returned by server =2
       [_] Advanced trace =8
   

You can print the above again in your script by specifying this library function:

    wi_msg_level_print();
   

Force print no matter what

CHALLENGE: In your own code, add this pair of functions around message functions you want to force printing anywhere in your script even though logging is not enabled:

   wi_msg_force_print();
   lr.outputmessage(...);
   wi_msg_print_reset();

To establish conditions for printing no matter what the Run-Time settings are, use this library function:

   wi_msg_force_print();

Now use a LoadRunner message function such as:

    lr.outputMessage(">> wi_msg_level_at_init = "
        + wi_msg_level.at_init() +".");

PROTIP: Specify a special set of characters at the front of output messages so they are easy to identify among potentially many output lines.

NOTE: Message text in message functions are built using concatenation rather than formatting codes in sprintf() functions.

CHALLENGE: Look in Help for other types of messages.

NOTE: LoadRunner’s lr.outputMessage() function includes the script file name and line number whereas LoadRunner’s lr.logMessage function does not.

Output according to the log level set in Run-time settings is honored by the rest of the script by this library function:

   wi_msg_print_reset();

Define verbosity

BTW, the JavaScript alert() functions LoadRunner rejects with this error (instead of printing out the content):

    Error: 'ReferenceError: alert is not defined'.

Our advanced workshops goes through use of additional functions which enable you to specify levels used in the popular Log4J library for Java and other platforms.

  • Info - shows essential run conditions.
  • Error - shows conditions of concern.
  • Warning - shows conditions which may be of concern.
  • Trace - shows major conditions, such as a line for each iteration and row processed.
  • Debug - shows minor conditions, such as data considered for processing.

An example of a Trace level statement is:

    WJS1_Config_print_trace();
    lr.outputMessage(">> Action Iteration=" + lr.evalString("{pIteration}") +".");
    wi_msg_print_reset();

The advantage of a LoadRunner parameter is that VuGen shows their values during a run if you are stepping through or have set a breakpoint before starting a run.

Access control flow

Now let’s take a look at the flow of the program:

Specify Data Source Attribute

A LoadRunner program can obtain data from several sources: hard-coded in script, from a CSV file defined in parameters, and from VTS (Virtual Table Server).

The RunDataIn attribute obtained from Run-time Settings is pulled into the program at the top of the vuser_init script file where global variables are defined.

   lr.getAttribString("RunDataIn");

This mechanism enables specification of different behavior in the program in LoadRunner Scenarios run on different load generators.

The default data source if none are specified is to process a single hard-coded URL.

    if( RunDataIn === undefined){
      RunDataIn = "1"; // the default, not "FILE" or "VTS".
      lr.outputMessage(">> RunDataIn not defined. Using default "+ RunDataIn +".");
    }else{
      RunDataIn = RunDataIn.toUpperCase();
    }

For attributes that have a limited number of values, the various values are tested so that if the value specified is not recognized by the code, an error condition can be issued at the beginning of the script rather than later during the run.

Advanced editions of this course covers use of JavaScript arrays to structure small amounts of multi-dimensional data easily available.

For loops

If FILE processing is specified, the script loops through records in the dat file.

Most JavaScript tutorials provide this as the sample for loop:

   for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
       // code block.
   }
  • “i = 0” is executed before the loop (the code block) starts.

  • “i < count” defines the condition for running the loop (the code block).

  • “i++” is executed each time after each iteration of the code block executes.

The problem is that in the real world of things, counts begin from one, not zero.

twinsthingonetwo

(Aren’t they cute? The “younger”, nastier, twin can say to the older twin: “I’m one. You’re zero.”)

Anyway, note that in the begin-from-zero loop, the iteration number is one off from the count. The first iteration is one when i=0. The second iteration has i=1, etc.

So we start with one rather than zero in the for loop:

   count = ...
   for (i = 1; i < count; i++) {
       // code block.
   }

The condition for continuing iterating through the loop now needs to change because now i would match the iteration.

Code call details in a custom script file

PROTIP: Most experienced LoadRunner engineers hand-craft calls. They use code generated from recordings to analyze coding patterns.

Rather than leaving all the details of calls in the Action.js file, details are moved to a separate file such as WJS1_Access, leaving high-level calls such as this:

   rc=WJS1_Access_landing( "T01_landing","http://contoso.net/",100);

PROTIP: Name functions beginning with the name of the file within which they are defined.

Randomize execution

There are some situations where requests are not executed 100% but occassionally. The code here can be used to execute something 72.3% of the time. That static number can be substituted with another number or a variable.

  var trans_random_number = 72.3;
      wi_random_seed = Math.random() * 100 ;
  if( wi_random_seed <= trans_random_number ){
    lr.outputMessage(">> Within range. wi_random_seed = " + wi_random_seed + " <= " + trans_random_number );
    // Do stuff
    // ...
  }else{
    lr.outputMessage(">> Out of range. wi_random_seed = " + wi_random_seed + " NOT <= " + trans_random_number );
  }

The seed is between 0 and 100 because the number obtained from the JavaScript randomizer is a number between zero and 1, multiplied by 100.

The wi_random_seed variable is defined when the wi_library_init() function within the wi_library is executed within vuser_init.

To obtain distribution, consider this technique that produces a “bell curve” of numbers clustered around .5 between 0 and 1.

Chain calls

The structure of code enables additional processing for all calls without having to touch every request (which introduces risk).

For example, retry logic can be introduced into the chain of calls.

Or addition of preparation (prep) activities such as assemblying body content.

Use generic call functions

The wi_library.js file contains several generic functions such as function WJS1_Access_landing() called from the sample Action file.

    rc=wi_web_url_http( in_trans , in_url, etc. );
    

Retry execution

During stress test runs, the server may not be respond to some requests. Such behavior should not cause the script to stop because the whole point of the script is to create stress conditions.

However, there needs to be a limit on how many times a particular request (with a particular set of data values) are retried.

That limit is specified by the Retries Run-time attribute. A zero value (the default) means no retries occur.

function wi_web_url_http( in_trans , in_url ){
   var rc=0;
   var i=0;

   for( i = 1; i <= Retries; i++ ){

          rc=wi_web_url( in_trans , in_url , etc. );
      if( rc == 0 ){
        break;
      }
      // else loop again.
    }
   return rc;
}

Redirect execution

Many landing pages redirect to another URL by returning a 302 response code along with the next URL prefixed by “Location: “ within the HTTP header.

LoadRunner is supposed to emulate browsers which automatically go to the forwarded URL. But we sometimes want to capture that forwarding URL or a session-cookie that some systems generate and add that to HTTP headers before forwarding.

Extra coding in LoadRunner including telling LoadRunner not to automatically forward:

web_set_option("MaxRedirectionDepth", "0", LAST);

Sometimes the user is forwarded to a chain of URLs, so a while loop is used to do forwarding. This same sets up a web_reg_save_param to capture the Location: value in HTTP headers:

CHALLENGE: Convert from this sample C code to JavaScript:

// Initial Location URL:
lr_save_string("http://www.mercury.com", "Location");

do
{
    // Save new Redirection Info (Location: header)
    web_reg_save_param("Location",
                       "LB=Location: ",
                       "RB=\r\n",
                       "Ord=1",
                       "NotFound=Warning",
                       "Search=Headers",
                       LAST );

    // do any web call (This needs to be modified to suit your needs)
    web_url("my_req",
      "URL={Location}",
      LAST );

    // Get HTTP response Code
    HttpRetCode = web_get_int_property(HTTP_INFO_RETURN_CODE);

} while ((HttpRetCode>=300) & (HttpRetCode<400));

return 0;
}

The in_mode variable provides a signal whether the HTTP or HTML mode. It is also used to specify the HTTP commands (PUT, GET, POST, etc.).

The wi_web_url() function called contains this:

   web.url({
    name : in_trans,
    url :  in_url,
    targetFrame : '',
    resource : 0,
    recContentType : 'text/html',
    referer : '',
    snapshot : 't1.inf',
    mode : in_mode
   });

NOTE: A value in referer is not needed with the Web Tours sample application which does not use it.

NOTE: The mode: activates a feature of LoadRunner which scans the html returned and issue requests for links to CSS, JavaScript, images, etc.

(Images specified within CSS are not retrieved this way)

CHALLENGE: Change to mode: HTTP for LoadRunner to NOT request links as well. Generate just individual resource requests during recording by setting:

The in_mode variable is obtained from the function which called it:

  • rc=wi_web_url( in_trans , in_url, "HTML" );
  • rc=wi_web_url( in_trans , in_url, "HTTP" );

To recap, there are several levels of generic functions:

  • Generic function called by application custom code contain retry logic, such as wi_web_url_http().

  • Generic functions called by those functions in turn call LoadRunner built-in functions such as web_url(). Such are displayed in red by VuGen.

PROTIP: Using generic functions reduce the amount of code. The less coding, the smaller the script’s memory footprint. Smaller scripts allow for more Vusers to fit into available memory on load generator machines.

NOTE: Generic functions do not contain message output.

Use generic Start and End Transactions

The lowest-level functions surround LoadRunner call functions are surrounded by a pair of wi_library functions:

   WJS1_Config_StartTrans( in_trans );

and

   rc=WJS1_Config_StartTrans( in_trans , rc );

PROTIP: Specify Start and End transactions names using a parameter (“in_trans”) so the code is more easily pastable and there is no danger of typos in transaction start vs. end names, avoiding the most common cause of runs being aborted.

Automatically vary Think Time

PROTIP: Putting think-time functions within a generic start and end function ensures eliminates a common coding error of having think time statements placed after start transaction statements that make think time and data preparating time be counted in the transaction time.

   lr.thinkTime( nThinkTimeSecs );
   

The variable nThinkTimeSecs is defined at the top of the sample vuser_init script file.

CAUTION: Think times are only added during the run if Run-Time Settings has been set to do so:

lr1250 rts think time replay

Capture response to be returned

How do you know whether the correct screen was returned?

PROTIP: After each user action, use script code to verify whether response from the server is what is expected (positive or negative).

LoadRunner provides several functions.

  • web.regFind() registers a search for a text string for the next action function.

  • web.regSaveParamEx registers a request to save dynamic data located between specified boundaries to a parameter.

  • web.regSaveParamJson registers a request to save dynamic data in an buffer that has been formatted as Json. The data is saved to a parameter.

  • web.regSaveParamRegexp registers a request to save dynamic data that matches a regular expression to a parameter.

  • web.regSaveParamXpath registers a request to find dynamic data in an HTML buffer that has been formatted as XML and save the data to a parameter.

CHALLENGE: Look for additional information on these functions in VuGen Help on LoadRunner’s Functional Reference

This call searches for text in the Body (rather than HTTP header) to be returned from the server:

    if( in_title ){
        web.regFind({
           search : 'Body',
//           relFrameId: '',
//           fail : 'NotFound',
           saveCount : 'title_found_count',
           text : in_title
        });
    }

The regFind() function is invoked only there is a title to be compared, within the in_title variable provided as part of the call.

This function is in the start transaction code because, as the “reg” in the function name implies, registers the evaluation to be carried out as the response streams in.

Evaluation of the response is performed in the endTransaction() function.

The relFrameId attribute refers to the HTML frame to search in.

VuGen does not record such functions. They must either be manually coded into the script. The VuGen UI provides a way to insert the function using a mouse.

This is a simple approach to stop execution with an error at the point in the script that makes the call related to the above code.

NOTE: The fail attribute specifies whether finding the string specified if it’s Found or NotFound.

Verify response returned

In the endTransaction function, the title_found_count specified in registration function is examined:

   if( lr.evalString("{title_found_count}") == "0" ){
      // Not found
   }

The title_found_count in registration functions specify the name of a LoadRunner parameter, which transcends all JavaScript functions.

The parameter is also a string, so needs to be converted to a number to do arithmetic.

What to do about information that the web page title is found or not in the response depends on the application. But most web pages do contain a title.

CHALLENGE: Look at the Help screen for the function to come up with a way to
fail if the text is found (such as an error message).

NOTE: An error is raised immediately if the text is not found, but at where the request is made, not at this script line which registers the capture during request execution.

Make REST APIs

Before the transaction, we make call web.regSaveParamJson to register saving dynamic data in an buffer formatted as Json. The data is saved to a parameter.

The most flexible request function is: web.customRequest();

{  
   stepName:"<string>",
   url:"<string>",
   method:"<string>",
   targetFrame:"<string>",
   encType:"<string>",
   recContentType:"<string>",
   referer:"<string>",
   bodyUnicode:"<string>",
   bodyBinary:"<string>",
   body:"<string>",
   bodyFilePath:"<string>",
   resource:"<string>",
   resourceByteLimit:"<string>",
   snapshot:"<string>",
   mode:"<string>",
   extraResBaseDir:"<string>",
   userAgent:"<string>",
   contentEncoding:"<string>",
   rawBody:{  
      content:"<string>",
      length:"<string>"
   },
   "extraRes":[{  
      url:"<string>",
      referer:"<string>"
   }]
}

This is described at: http://lrhelp.saas.hp.com/en/latest/help/function_reference/FuncRef.htm#js_web/lrFr_JS_web_customRequest.htm%3FTocPath%3DJavaScript%2520Functions%7CAlphabetical%2520Listing%2520of%2520Web%2520Functions%7C_____14

Additionally, REST APIs usually require HTTP header coding.

   web.addAutoHeader("Accept-Encoding", "gzip");
   

Generate Recording to Recording File

PROTIP: Record into a file which is not executed so that whatever is generated can be gradually copy and pasted into a working script. And the script continues to be runnable after generation

NOTE: Not all script protocols are able to record within an existing script. Only scripts for Web, Java, WAP, Oracle NCA, or RTE Vuser script can be recorded this way.

NOTE: Each script file listed in the Action list is a separate .js file within the script folder.

CHALLENGE: Create a separate file to receive generated code durng recordin, but will never be edited or executed so its line numbers stay in sync with code generation logs.

  1. Right-click on Actions in the Solution Explorer at the left.

  2. Select Create New Action… from the pop-up.

  3. Type “Recording”.

  4. Press OK to dismiss the dialog.

    The Recording.js file should appear among vuser_init, Action, etc.

Remove custom files from Run-Time Logic

CHALLENGE: Remove extra custom files (such as Recording) from Run Logic so that it does not get executed automatically by LoadRunner.

  1. Press F4 or menu Replay.

  2. Click on Run-Time Settings

  3. Click Run Logic.

  4. Right-Click on Recording.

  5. Select Remove Item.

  6. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

  7. Press Ctrl+Shift+F4 or menu File.

  8. Click Save to save the script.

  9. Make a recording using WebTours inside the Recording action file that you just created. (after starting it)

  10. Login as “jojo” with password “bean”. Click Flights. In “Find Flights”, click “Sign Off”, then Stop recording.

designstudio

11.After code generation is done, Design Studio screen pops up.

12.Review the dynamic values. For example: Look this userSession value:

   118266.392466586zAiDDcHpfzcfDztQQpQzfDHf

To understand the context of these values, use a text editor to read the recording generation log and search for it.

13.Select those that need to be correlated and click on Correlate.

NOTE: Design Studio can be reached manually by clicking the ‘Design Studio’ button in the toolbar or in the Design menu.

NOTE: In Recording Options dialog. Automatic correlations are enabled/disabled by selecting the ‘Correlation Scan’ checkbox under General > Code Generation.

NOTE: Most application recordings require additional manual changes after recording.

Create custom script files

PROTIP: Generally, it’s best to leave the automatically created Action.js file with the fewest custom lines. This would reserve use of Action for more flexibility in the future.

  1. Create a use case file to hold custom functions using the steps to create a file above. An example is WJS1_Access (if you are not building from the sample script).

    PROTIP: Specify a standard naming convention such as “WJS1” for the app under test, etc.

    Use cases for the Web Tours (WT3_) application include:

    • WT3_Tour
    • WT3_Booking

     

    PROTIP: With JavaScript, you also need to add custom files as an Extra File so functions within them are recognized.

  2. Right-click on Extra Files in the Solution Explorer and select Add Files to Script ….

  3. Select the custom file name just created.

CAUTION: Deleting an entry under Extra Files, that physical file is deleted from the file system as well.

Create custom app access functions

You are likely able to use the typical functions defined within WJS1_Access by doing a Replace-All command to your custom app name.

  • WJS1_Access_Landing()
  • WJS1_Access_SignUp()
  • WJS1_Access_SignIn()
  • WJS1_Access_SignOut()
  • WJS1_Access_Reset_Password()
  • WJS1_Access_Menus()

Create negative app access functions

Additional functions include:

  • WJS1_Access_SignUp_error()
  • WJS1_Access_SignIn_error()

Such negative test cases causing errors deliberately may be useful because an app’s error handling sometimes have performance issues. But attention to them are usually held for development until additional time becomes available for scripting.

RunType app access scope

Different values in the RunType attribute in Run-Time settings can be referenced to control what application access functions are executed repeatedly.

RunType Function Purpose
Land Landing URL only Network variability
SignUp Land, SignUp Build user database
SignUpIn Land, SignUp, SignIn, SignOut Stress on authentication mechanism
SignInOut Land, SignIn, SignOut Stress on authentication mechanism
SignIn Land, SignIn only Emulate call center start of shift
Menus Land, Menus Run through all menus available before Sign-in is required.
MenusIn Land, SignUp, SignIn, MenusIn, SignOut Emulate initial user actions

To implement this in code requires kinda convoluted thinking.

Design error handling

PROTIP: Avoid duplicating the error-handling of apps used by end-users. With programs for stress testing, we often want the program to continue even when errors occur in order to see how the entire system treats such conditions.

  • When looping through a file of loosely related URLs, an error with one row results in going to the next row.

  • When running through a sequence, a login error would result in going to the next user in the list.

  • When a URL not found error is encountered, since it can be attributed to transient network conditions, the result would be to retry the call.

  • When establishing run conditions, if a value is not supplied, automatically

LoadRunner can be asked to handle errors using a function to exit from a script, action, or iteration:

    lr.exit(lr.EXIT_VUSER, lr.FAIL);

Errors in intialization


Additional topics

Additional JavaScript libraries

These are of interest. I haven’t tested them yet. So please let me know what you find.

  • Moment.js is a lightweight JavaScript date library for parsing, manipulating and formatting dates.

  • Moment.js/timezone parses and displays dates in any timezone.

  • boilerjs.com which provides 115 methods to make it easier to work with arrays, collections, functions, numbers, objects, and strings. It’s the JavaScript equivalent of a Swiss Army Knife.

  • Underscore.js

  • github.com/caolan/async provides around 70 functions that include the usual ‘functional’ suspects (map, reduce, filter, each…) as well as some common patterns for asynchronous control flow (parallel, series, waterfall…).

NOTE: To save space (and memory while running), mimify JavaScript to remove “white space” such as spaces and tabs.


Get Image by Screen Name

LoadRunner can generate script code like this based on the text of the link (rather than the URL of the link):

web.image(
{
name : 'Search Flights Button',
alt : 'Search Flights Button',
snapshot : 't3.inf'
}
);

Submit form to Sign-up

To submit an HTML form:

web.submitForm(
{
name : 'login.pl_2',
snapshot : 't11.inf',
itemData :  [
{name : 'username', value : '{UserIds_userid}'},
{name : 'password', value : '{UserIds_pwd}'},
{name : 'passwordConfirm', value : '{UserIds_pwd}'},
{name : 'firstName', value : ''},
{name : 'lastName', value : ''},
{name : 'address1', value : ''},
{name : 'address2', value : ''},
{name : 'register.x', value : '53'},
{name : 'register.y', value : '3'}
]
}
);

Some of the fields, such as register.x, can be marked hidden within the form captured by LoadRunner.

Submit data to POST Sign-in

web.submitData(
{
name : 'login.pl',
action : '{pProtocolHostPort}/cgi-bin/login.pl',
method : 'POST',
recContentType : 'text/html',
referer : '{pProtocolHostPort}/cgi-bin/nav.pl?in=home',
snapshot : 't2.inf',
mode : 'HTML',
itemData :
    [
    { name : 'userSession', value : '{userSession}' },
    { name : 'username', value : '{UserIds_userid}' },
    { name : 'password', value : '{UserIds_pwd}' },
    { name : 'JSFormSubmit', value : 'on' },
    { name : 'login.x', value : '42' },
    { name : 'login.y', value : '8' }
    ]
  }
);

Resources to Learn JavaScript

There are many tutorials which teach JavaScript string manipulation and other topics: